Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with several connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping apparel for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice just like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination made of smooth fabric, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys are often offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use pidžame a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they have at times incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of shorter dress top more than shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they pidžame grew to become common from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.